NOTES ON COLOR (THEORY)

LINKS and BOOKS and RESOURCES... OH, MY!

LIGHT, ENERGY & COLOR

 

PHYSICS

 

Four forces in nature

http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/ask_astro/answers/980127c.html

 

Electromagnetic spectrum

http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/science/know_l1/emspectrum.html

 

What is color?

http://skyserver.sdss.org/dr1/en/proj/basic/color/whatiscolor.asp

 

Physics of Light and Color

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/lightandcolor/index.html

 

How does light travel?

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-does-light-travel.html

 

What is a wave?

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/waves/Lesson-1/What-is-a-Wave

 

Color wavelengths

http://science-edu.larc.nasa.gov/EDDOCS/Wavelengths_for_Colors.html

 

Wave behaviors

http://missionscience.nasa.gov/ems/03_behaviors.html

 

Newton’s Prism Experiment

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uucYGK_Ymp0

 

Diffraction

http://www.exploratorium.edu/snacks/diffraction/

 

Blue skies and red sunsets

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/light/Lesson-2/Blue-Skies-and-Red-Sunsets

 

Light Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/light/Lesson-2/Light-Absorption,-Reflection,-and-Transmission

 

James Turrell

http://jamesturrell.com/

 

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn

http://www.rembrandthuis.nl/en/

 

Michelangelo Merisi Caravaggio

http://www.caravaggio-foundation.org/

 

 

 

PROJECTS

 

How to do Super Cool Light-Bending Prism Photos

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v3YpiFCGZRY

 

How a Prism Works

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JGqsi_LDUn0&list=PLm7Jw_B4XtDFC7AmuIiQc01LYnVys-c89

 

Captured. A Homage to Air and Light

http://vimeo.com/25760633

 

 

 

HUMAN EYES SEE COLOR

 

Biology 

 

Visible Light and the Eye’s Response

http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/light/u12l2b.cfm

 

How does the eye see color?

http://www.ehow.com/video_4984757_the-eye-see-color.html

 

Trichromatic theory

http://www.intropsych.com/ch04_senses/theories_of_color_vision.html

 

Hermann von Helmholtz

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hermann-helmholtz/

 

Color vision deficiencies

http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/color-deficiency?sso=y

 

Afterimage exercise

http://psylux.psych.tu-dresden.de/i1/kaw/diverses%20Material/www.illusionworks.com/html/afterimage.html

 

Analysis of pigment color change using Van Gogh’s The Bedroom

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZqLVQAy8rc&feature=youtu.be

 

World Color Survey

http://www.stanford.edu/group/cslipublications/cslipublications/site/9781575864150.shtml

 

Synesthesia

http://www.synesthete.org/

 

Wassily Kandinsky

http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/exhibitions/past/exhibit/3182

 

 

 

ILLUMINATING COLORS

 

Human vision and color perception

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/lightandcolor/humanvisionintro.html

 

Discovery YAFI – Colours of Light

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hbxy1W9O_Wk

 

Light and Color. Bill Nye the Science Guy!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gtgBHsSzCPE

 

Additive color mixing

http://www.exploratorium.edu/xref/exhibits/colored_shadows.html

 

Mystery of Magenta

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iPPYGJjKVco

 

Pantone

http://www.pantone.com

 

Pigment supplier

http://www.pigments.com/

 

Artists pigment supplier

http://kremerpigments.com/

 

Photosynthetic pigments

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss3/pigments.html

 

Light sources

http://sarspec.com/products/light-sources/

 

LED lighting

http://www.gelighting.com/LightingWeb/emea/products/technologies/led/lighting/

 

Lamps

http://www.gelighting.com/LightingWeb/emea/products/lamps/index.jsp

 

Spectural Power Distribution Curves

http://www.gelighting.com/na/business_lighting/spectral_power_distribution_curves/

 

International Commission on Illumination

http://www.cie.co.at/index.php/LEFTMENUE/index.php?i_ca_id=298

 

Color matching

http://graphics.stanford.edu/courses/cs178/applets/colormatching.html

 

Color rendering index

https://www.lightingdesignlab.com/color-rendering

 

CIE Special Metamerism Index

http://div1.cie.co.at/?i_ca_id=551&pubid=27

 

Metamerism

http://www.hunterlab.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Metamerism-Index.pdf

 

Claude Monet

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/cmon/hd_cmon.htm

 

Edward Hopper

http://www.edwardhopper.net/

 

Wes Anderson

http://www.nybooks.com/blogs/nyrblog/2013/jan/31/wes-anderson-worlds/

 

 

 

PROJECTS

 

High-Speed Powder Photography Tutorial

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IU7-hgfRy_g

 

Light Painting/Sculptures by Terrance Hounsell

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DoCekwLhgN0

 

C.I.E Color Space

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/vision/cie.html

 

Color Space Confusion

http://dot-color.com/2012/08/14/color-space-confusion/

 

 

 

COLOR NAMES & CLASSIFICATIONS

 

World Color Survey

http://www.stanford.edu/group/cslipublications/cslipublications/site/9781575864150.shtml

 

Words for colors

http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/colour.htm

 

Color term

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_term

 

List of colors

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_colors:_A%E2%80%93F

 

Online Color Thesaurus

http://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/Nathan_Moroney/color-thesaurus.html

 

Color Difference Description Experiment

thttp://www.hpl.hp.com/personal/Nathan_Moroney/cdd-hpl.html

 

Color naming survey

http://www.chrisharrison.net/index.php/Fun/ColorPerception

 

Paint color names

http://www.benjaminmoore.com/en-us/for-your-home/color-gallery#&ce_vm=0&ce_x=16&ce_y=7

 

Pantone

http://www.pantone.com

 

Munsell color systems and information

http://munsell.com

 

Hexadecimal system

http://homepage.smc.edu/morgan_david/cs40/hex-system.html

 

HTML Color

http://html-color-codes.info/

 

Web safe colors

http://websafecolors.info/

 

Web safe colors

http://infohost.nmt.edu/tcc/help/lang/python/websafe.html

 

Henri Matisse

http://www.henri-matisse.net/

 

 

 

COLOR THEORIES

 

Essential Sources 

 

Munsell

http://munsell.com

http://munsell.com/color-blog/color-psychology-medicine-jill-morton/

https://www.rit.edu/cos/colorscience/ab_munsell_diaries.php

 

Introduction to color theory (Trichomatic theory)

http://graphics.stanford.edu/courses/cs178/applets/locus.html

 

Brown University research applets on color theory

http://graphics.cs.brown.edu/research/exploratory/freeSoftware/catalogs/color_theory.html

http://cs.brown.edu/courses/cs092/VA10/HTML/start.html

 

Miscellaneous Sources 

 

Color wheels and research on color systems by an artist

http://www.realcolorwheel.com/colorwheel.htm

 

Historic color wheels. Melborne University sponsored blog.

http://meanjin.com.au/blog/post/colour-wheels/

 

Color theory explained on Wikipedia – see references for sources.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_theory

 

Color theory explained by an architect and web designer

http://www.worqx.com/color/itten.htm

 

Herman Miller ( furniture company) explains color

http://www.hermanmiller.com/hm/content/research_summaries/pdfs/wp_Experience_of_Color.pdf

 

The Science of Color by Steven K. Shevell (Google book)

http://books.google.com/books?id=-fNJZ0xmTFIC&pg=PA5#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

Historiography of Color and Perceiving

http://www.apass.be/apt.php?cwPage=browse%2Fprojectpage&cwProject=3&cwContent=201

 

Stuart Davis

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/152835/Stuart-Davis

 

Paul Rand

http://www.paul-rand.com/

 

 

 

ARTFUL INSPIRATIONS

 

Aristotle. De Coloribus

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Aristotle/de_Coloribus*.html

 

National Gallery of Art

http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb.html

 

The Craftsman's Handbook. The Italian "Il Libro dell' Arte."

http://www.noteaccess.com/Texts/Cennini/2.htm

 

Leonardo da Vinci. Battle of Anghiari

http://leonardodavinci.stanford.edu/submissions/foodog82/paint/paintcomp.html

http://www.academia.edu/1773571/Leonardo_as_a_link_from_Classical_to_Modern_Theory

 

List of color palettes. Wikpedia. See references.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_color_palettes

 

Paul Cezanne

http://www.paul-cezanne.org/

 

Pierre Bonnard

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/bonn/hd_bonn.htm

 

Vincent van Gogh

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/gogh/hd_gogh.htm

 

Piet Mondrian

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/hi_mondrianpiet.htm

 

Louise Fili

http://www.louisefili.com/

 

Luba Lukova

http://www.lukova.net/

 

El Lissitzky

http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/el-lissitzky-1519

 

Projects

Dulux: Let’s Color Project

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGOQNGkpxko

 

 

 

INTERACTIONS OF COLOR

 

Simutaneous contrast examples

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnVhD-ke9Qg

 

Optical color interactions

http://www.psy.ritsumei.ac.jp/~akitaoka/color-e.html

 

Bezold effects

http://www.bu.edu/lite/lite1/color/vonbezold/index.html

 

Josef and Anni Albers Foundation

http://albersfoundation.org

 

 

 

COMPOSING WITH COLORS

 

Rudolf Arnheim 

http://www.bobolinkbooks.com/Arnheim/Home.html

http://www.soziales.fh-dortmund.de/diederichs/arnheim.htm

 

Gestalt Principles

http://graphicdesign.spokanefalls.edu/tutorials/process/gestaltprinciples/gestaltprinc.htm

http://www.interactiondesign.org/encyclopedia/gestalt_principles_of_form_perception.html

 

Paula Scher

http://www.paulascher.com/

 

Jules Olitsky

http://www.mfah.org/exhibitions/past/revelation-major-paintings-jules-olitski/

 

Gail Anderson

http://gailycurl.com/

CULTURAL AND EMOTIONAL CONNECTIONS

 

Bob Vila on historic paint

http://www.bobolinkbooks.com/Arnheim/Home.html

http://www.bobvila.com/articles/2240-historic-paint-colors/#.U5KjyS-d47A 

 

About pink. Commercial website on color

http://www.webmd.com/women/home-health-and-safety-9/color-psychology

 

What’s Red and Blue and Litigated All Over?

http://cblr.columbia.edu/archives/11863

 

Using Color Psychology in the home

http://www.webmd.com/women/home-health-and-safety-9/color-psychology

 

List of colors used by well-known brands:

http://brandcolors.net/

 

The Design and Emotion Society

http://www.designandemotion.org/en/about-us/our-board.html

 

Men in pink. News story from the BBC

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8401742.stm

 

Emotional Reactions to Color by Kathy Lamancusa, trend strategist

http://www.creativelatitude.com/articles/articles_lamacusa_color.html

 

Colour psychology and colour therapy: Caveat emptor (2011). Zena O’Connor

http://www.academia.edu/590819/Colour_psychology_and_colour_therapy_Caveat_emptor_2011_

 

Visual and Instrumental Evaluation of Orange Juice Color

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-459X.2011.00360.x/abstract

 

Investigation of Human Emotional Responses on Colors

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/col.20246/abstract

 

Psychological Properties Of Colours

http://www.colour-affects.co.uk/psychological-properties-of-colours

 

Pablo Picasso

http://www.pablopicasso.org/

 

Milton Glaser

http://www.miltonglaser.com/

 

 

 

SELECTED ORGANIZATIONS & INSTITUTIONS

 

Organizations

 

Association Internationale de la Couleur

http://www.aic-colour.org/

 

C.I.E

http://www.cie.co.at/index.php/LEFTMENUE/index.php?i_ca_id=298

 

Color Association of the United States

http://www.colorassociation.com/

 

Colorcom, color consultants

http://www.colorcom.com/

 

Color Marketing Group

http://www.colormarketing.org/

 

Detroit Color Council

http://detroitcc.org/

 

Exploratorium, San Francisco

www.exploratorium.edu

 

Exploratorium Projects (search "color")

http://www.exploratorium.edu/afterschool/activities/index.php?activity=172

 

Flux Data – delivering knowledge from light

http://www.fluxdata.com/

 

International Colour Association 

http://www.colourforecasting.com/home

 

International Color Consortium

http://www.color.org/index.xalter

 

Inter Society Color Council

http://www.iscc.org/

 

Josef and Anni Albers Foundation

http://albersfoundation.org

 

Pantone

www.Pantone.com

 

Rochester Institute of Technology

http://www.rit.edu/programs/color-science-0

 

Night vision - Army

http://www.cerdec.army.mil/inside_cerdec/nvesd/

 

 

Museums

 

Art Institute, Chicago, IL

http://www.artic.edu/

 

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington DC

http://www.corcoran.org/index.php

 

Hermitage, Russia

http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/index.html

 

High Museum, Atlanta, GA

http://www.high.org/

 

Louvre, Paris, France

http://www.louvre.fr/en

 

Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY

http://www.metmuseum.org/

 

Museum of Modern Art, NY

http://www.moma.org/

 

National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb.html

 

The Getty, CA

http://www.getty.edu/

 

Rijksmuseum, Netherlands

https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en

 

Tate, UK

http://www.tate.org.uk/

 

Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy

http://www.uffizi.org/

 

Victoria & Albert, London

http://www.vam.ac.uk/

 

Walker, Minneapolis, MN

http://www.walkerart.org/

 

Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT

http://artgallery.yale.edu/

 

 

 

ART & SCIENCE SUPPLIES

 

Diffraction grating

http://www.novatech-usa.com/DFG525-pk-5?gclid=CM_S4LvgjLwCFahj7Aodgh8A2g

 

Blick Art Supplies

www.blick.com

 

Jerry's Artarama

http://www.jerrysartarama.com/art-supplies/

 

Utrecht Art

http://www.utrechtart.com/

 

Wet Paint Art

http://www.wetpaintart.com/

 

Custom Lightsaber Supplies

http://www.thecustomsabershop.com

 

BOOKS

 

Albers, Josef. Interaction of Color. New Haven: Yale Universtiy Press, 1963.

 

Batchelor, David. Chromophobia. London: Reaktion Books, 2000. 

 

Birren, Faber. Color Psychology and Color Therapy First Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1950.

 

Birren, Faber. Light, Color, and Environment. Chicago: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1969.

 

Bothwell, Dorr. Notan: The Light-Dark Principle of Design. New York: Reinhold Book Corporation, 1968.

 

Butler Greenfield, Amy. A Perfect Red. New York: Harper Perennial, 2006.

 

Chiarello, Mark, and Todd Klein. The DC Comics Guide to Coloring and Lettering Comics. New York: Watson-Guptill, 2004.

 

Delamare, Francois, and Bernard Guineau. English Translation, Sarah Hawkes, Colors: The Story of Dyes And Pigments. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.

 

Eiseman, Leatrice. Pantone Guide to Communicating with Color. Sarasota, FL: Grafix Press, 2000. 

 

Findlay, Victoria. Color, A Natural History of the Palette. New York: Random House, 2004.

 

Gage, John. Color and Culture, Practice and Meaning from Antiquity to Abstraction. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993.

 

Hope, Augustine and Margaret Walch. The Color Compendium. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990. 

 

Itten, Johannes. The Art of Color. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1961.

 

Itten, Johannes. The Elements of Color. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1961.

 

Kueppers, Harald. The Basic Law of Color Theory. New York: Barron's, 1982.

 

Lanchner, Carolyn, editor. Paul Klee. New York: Little Brown, 1987. 

 

Landa, Robin. Graphic Design Solutions. 5th ed. Stamford: Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. 

 

Legrand, Catherine. Indigo, The Color that Changed the World. London: Thames & Hudson, 2012. 

 

Lidwell, William, Kritina Holden, Jill Butler. Universal Principles of Design. Beverly, MA: Rockport, 2010.

 

Lynton, Norbert, and Paul Klee. Klee. London: Spring, 1964.

 

Mahnke, Frank. Color, Environment, and Human Response. Detroit: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1996.

 

Mehl, Richard. Playing with Color: 50 Graphic Experiments for Exploring Color Design Principles. Beverly, MA: Rockport, 2013. 

 

Meggs, Philip, B., Alston W. Purvis, and Philip B. Meggs. Meggs’ History of Graphic Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 012.

 

Maerz, A. and M. Rea Paul. A Dictionary of Color, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1950.

 

Miller, Mary C. Color in Interior Architecture. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997.

 

Munsell, Albert. Munsell Grammar of Color. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1969.

 

Pile, John. Color in Interior Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997. 

 

Pastoureau, Michael. Black, The History of a Color. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

 

Rand, Paul. Design Form and Chaos. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.

 

Riley, Charles A. Color Codes, Modern Theories of Color in Philosophy, Painting and Architecture, Literature, Music, and Psychology. London: University Press of New England, 1995.

 

Stewart, Jude. ROYGBIV: An Exceedingly Surprising Book About Color. New York: Bloomsbury, 2013.

 

Swirnoff, Lois. Dimensional Color. Boston, MA: Birkhauser, 1989.

 

Theroux, Alexander. The Primary Colors. New York: Henry Holt, 1996.

 

Theroux, Alexander. The Secondary Colors. New York: Henry Holt, 1996. 

 

Vedlich, Josep., The Prints of The Ten Bamboo Studio. New York: Crescent Books, Crown Publishers, 1979.

 

 

 

A SELECTED GLOSSARY

 

http://tigger.uic.edu/~hilbert/Glossary.html